Show Me the Science! Resilience, games, post-traumatic growth, and more


Looking for the research behind SuperBetter Chief Creative Officer Jane McGonigal’s SXSW, Games for Health, Games for Change, or TED Global talks? Good news: You’ve found it!

Haven’t seen any of these talks yet? You can listen to one right now: Download or stream the podcast of Jane’s 2012 SXSW featured talk: A Crash Course in Getting SuperBetter. Or download the slides from Jane’s Games for Health keynote!

Curious for more breakthrough research? Join (it’s free) and explore the science in your Secret Lab! Watch videos, listen to mini-podcasts, or read our “level up” research summaries. And whenever you want to investigate further, you can access the original research yourself! We’ve curated more than 100 of our favorite scientific studies for you, on everything from “Lazy Exercise” to “The Science of Mindfulness”.


(TIP: The studies here are presented in the order they appear in the talks, so you can follow along with the online podcasts, videos or slides!)


A first-hand account from a hospice worker: “The most frequently expressed deathbed regrets.”




The Benefits of Playing Videogames With Your Kids

Research from Brigham Young University’s School of Family Life: “Game On: Associations Between Co-Playing Video Games and Adolescent Behavioral and Family Outcomes.”

Social Games are a Powerful Relationship Management Tool

Research from Michigan State University: “The ‘S’ in Social Network Games: Initiating, Maintaining, and Enhancing Relationships.”

Online Games Effectively Treat Clinical Anxiety, Depression, and Stress

Clinical trials and randomized controlled study from East Carolina University’s Psychophysiology Lab and Biofeedback Clinic: “The Efficacy of Prescribed Casual Video Games in Reducing Clinical Depression and Anxiety”; “EEG, HRV, and Psychological Correlates while Playing Casual Video Games”; “The Effectiveness of Casual Video Games in  Improving Mood and Decreasing Stress”

Avatars Change Our Real-Life Behavior

Research from Stanford University’s Virtual Human Interaction Lab: “Doppelgangers: A New Form of Self”; “The Use of Doppelgangers to Promote Health Behavior Change”;  “The Proteus Effect: Implications of Transformed Digital Self-Representation on Online and Offline Behavior”; “The Proteus Effect: Self-Transformations in Virtual Reality”

Games Increase Creativity in Kids

Findings from the Children and Technology Project at Michigan State University: “Videogame playing tied to creativity” (summary) and full research paper.

Even Violent Games Improve Real-Life Cooperation Skills

“Violent Gaming Leads to Cooperation, Not Aggression” (summary) and full research paper (academic log-in required); “Effect of Playing Violent Video Games Cooperatively on Subsequent Cooperative Behavior”

Games Help Us Tackle Tough Challenges With More Determination

“Brain Changes in Videogamers”; “A Neurologist Makes the Case for Videogames”;  “The Neural Basis of Videogaming”; “Dopamine Levels May Determine Work Ethic”

Games Increase Self-Efficacy

The Hope Lab/Re:Mission Case Study: “Your Brain on Re:Mission”; “A Video Game Improves Behavioral Outcomes in Adolescents and Young Adults with Cancer”; “Interactivity and Reward-Related Neural Activity during a Serious Videogame”



Personal Resilience Can Be Increased

Review of research literature: “Seven Principles of Building Personal Resilience”

Post-Traumatic Growth is Possible

“An introduction to post-traumatic growth”; “Post-Traumatic Growth in Young Adults”; “Who Am I Now? Helping Trauma Clients Find Meaning, Wisdom, and a Renewed Sense of Self”; “Assessing Strengths, Resilience and Growth: The Guide to Clinical Interventions”; “The Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory: Measuring the Positive Legacy of Trauma”; “Does Self-Reported Growth Reflect Genuine Positive Change?”



Sitting Still is Dangerous

Data presented at the American Institute for Cancer Research: “The new science of ‘Sitting disease’”

Brief Physical Activity Improves Physical Resilience

Review of the scientific literature: “Brief Bouts and Baby Steps for Physical Health”

Research from the NIH: “Exercise Dose and Quality of Life”; “Little Exercise, Big Effects”




Willpower is Like a Muscle

Published in Current Directions of Psychological Research: “The Strength Model of Self-Control”

Review of the research literature: “The Science of Willpower”

Realistic Optimism is a Strength

Published in American Psychologist: “In Search of Realistic Optimism”

Published in Personality and Individual Differences:  “Mental Toughness, Optimism, Pessimism, and Coping Among Athletes”



Frequent Positive Emotion Improves our Odds of Success

Research from the American Psychological Association: “The Benefits of Frequent Positive Affect: Does Happiness Lead to Success?”

Positive Emotion Increases Creativity, Social Support

Research from the Review of General Psychology: “What Good are Positive Emotions?”

Positive Emotion Boosts Physical Health

Research from the NIH: “Psychological Resilience and Positive Emotion”’

Research from the American Psychological Association:  “Does Positive Affect Influence Health?”

Positive Emotion Supports Neural Growth

Research from the American Psychological Association: “Perspectives from Affective Neuroscience”

The Tipping Point for Positive Emotion is 3:1

Research from University of Michigan: “The broaden-and-build theory of Positive Emotion”




Social Relationships Make Us Stronger

Published in the Journal of Health and Social Behavior: “Social Relationships and Health: A Flashpoint for Health Policy”

Social Relationships Improve our Reaction to Stress

Research from the NIH: “Social Ties and Cardiovascular Function”

Touch for 6 Seconds to Boost Oxytocin

Review of the scientific literature: “How to Be Happier: Touch More”

Brief Touch Increases Trust Among Strangers

Research published in Evolution and Human Behavior: “Sacrifice Among Strangers is Mediated by Endogenous Oxytocin Release After Physical Contact”




Social Resilience Boosts Longevity

Published in PLOS Medicine: “Social Relationships and Mortality Risk: A Meta-Analytic Review”

Positive Emotion Boosts Longevity

Research published in Health Psychology: “The Power of Positive Emotions: It’s a Matter of Life or Death”

Mental Resilience Boosts Longevity

From the NIH: “Optimism and Physical Health: A Meta-Analytic Review”

Published in the Impact Journal on Aging: “Positive Attitudes Toward Life and Emotional Expression as Personality  Phenotypes for Centenarians”

Physical Resilience Boosts Longevity

Published in the International Journal of Epidemiology: “Non-vigorous physical activity and all-cause mortality: systematic review and meta-analysis.”



  1. This is so comprehensive, thanks for sharing Jane!

  2. Thank you for the 7.5 minutes you added to my life.
    I am spending the first thirty seconds thanking you for your courageous and inspiring talk. I spent the next thiry seconds downloading your app and emailing my teenage children and husband to do the same.

    Again, many thanks :)

  3. Beautiful science! Thank you Jane.

  4. Jane McGonigal ROCKS!!!!! Cheers from Italy!!!


  5. This is so progressive and inspiring…. I am more than ever determined to bring games and gaming more fully into the healthcare world…. THANK YOU.

  6. Just saw your Games for Change keynote via livestream…. wow. Sharing it widely!

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  11. Thought I’d start my road to being SuperBetter by saying thank you to you! You’re absolutely right – it’s the small adjustments that can make a huge difference. This message is coming to me at a perfect time.

  12. Just want to say thank you.

  13. Thanks for the SIGGRAPH Keynote in LA today. Wonderful personal ideas for the world.

  14. Jane McGongial’s presentation at the UP Experience in Houston, Texas was special. I am still thinking about it, and gradually am able to better appreciate her insights. Thank you very much.

  15. Greatly enjoyed your lecture for the SMU Tate series! My mind was pretty much blown for the better! Thank you.

  16. Jane McGonigal’s presentation at the SMU Tate last night gave me hope. I have signed on to SuperBetter to begin the journey.

  17. Love all of Jane’s Superbetter ideas!

  18. You are amazing, Jane. Framing exercises for personal health and happiness as games is such a stroke of brilliance! You have the spirit and wisdom of an indigo person.

  19. Thanks Jane, from a fellow Bay Area resident.

    One of the best Ted talks that I’ve seen. I immediately downloaded superbetter to my iPhone and iPad and I’m getting started in the tasks.
    As an educator in the sports performance field I’m excited to let my clients know about superbetter and to incorporate some of the techniques into my coaching sessions.
    If you do any events or talks in the Bay Area I would certainly attend.

  20. Definitely an outstanding write-up! We

  21. thanks for posting your articles so often, every day i access your website and check for updates.

  22. When I initially commented I clicked the “Notify me when new comments are added”
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    Is there any way you can remove people from that service?

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